Learning disorders are neurological disorders that affect the way we process, learn, store, and recall information. Learning disorders can result in difficulties learning specific academic material. A Neuropsychological evaluation is a comprehensive evaluation which includes an interview and assesses IQ, academic achievement, attention, executive functioning, and other areas of cognitive functioning. The Neuropsychological evaluation provides measures of the student’s strengths and weaknesses which allows for recommendations that are personalized to the child (i.e., on an IEP/504 plan). In addition, a neuropsychological evaluation is often required when applying for accomodations, such as extended time or a quiet environment, in school and on standardized testing (e.g., SAT). The sooner a student is evaluated; the sooner accommodations can be put into place to help them reach their full potential.
Learning disorders can affect an individual's ability to learn and process information in a typical manner. These disorders may affect an individual's ability to read, write, speak, or perform basic mathematical calculations.
There are several different types of learning disorders, including:
Dyslexia: A disorder that affects an individual's ability to read and interpret written language.
Dyscalculia: A disorder that affects an individual's ability to understand and use basic mathematical concepts and calculations.
Dysgraphia: A disorder that affects an individual's ability to write legibly and accurately.
Dyspraxia: A disorder that affects an individual's ability to plan and execute fine motor movements.
Auditory processing disorder: A disorder that affects an individual's ability to process and understand spoken language.
Learning disorders can have a significant impact on an individual's ability to learn and perform in school and other academic settings. They may also affect an individual's ability to function in their daily life. Children with learning disorders may have difficulty keeping up with their peers in school, and adults with learning disorders may have difficulty with tasks that require reading, writing, or math skills.
Treatment for learning disorders may include special education services, tutoring, occupational therapy, and/or medications.